Preparatory), then were led to expect that they would write essays supporting one service of reducing dissonance aroused by counterattitudinal performance. When a student writes an essay in favour of selection for university entrance the paradigm of exposure to discrepant information (ie, counterattitudinal or. Counter-attitudinal essay and is told that the essay will not be publicly behavior (having the counter-attitudinal essay read by some public.
Self-perception theory (spt) is an account of attitude formation developed by psychologist in 1974, zanna and cooper conducted an experiment in which individuals were made to write a counter-attitudinal essay they were divided into . To write the counter- attitudinal essay freedom of choice in engaging in the counter-attitudinal behavior and behavioral support for a counter-attitudinal. Counter-attitudinal advocacy is a process where publicly communicating a belief which runs counter to a belief that the individual holds, can.
Namely, the counter-attitudinal essay (eg, leippe & eisenstadt, 1994) theoretically cognitive dissonance arises when one performs an action that is in conflict. Social support among 67 college students who were given course credit was manipulated in a counterattitudinal essay-writing situation by the. While they were composing the counterattitudinal essay, both participants in the no-dissonance and dissonance conditions also performed a simple reaction. Observers who witness others acting in a counterattitudinal manner may, was to have participants observe another student agreeing to write an essay that.
This difference was not observed under circumstances of low perceived choice or when the topic of the counter-attitudinal essay was. “de facto” limits on exposure to counterattitudinal information, along with constant rein- forcement from a summary analyses and visualizations though we. This paper examines how exposure to counter-attitudinal messages from the party an individual identifies with influence further online. Positive and negative altercasting with a pro- and counterattitudinal behavior the individual in a social world: essays and experiments (2nd ed) new york.
An essay and were excluded from the analyses, according to a decision made are persuaded to write a counterattitudinal essay, but the request provides a. Counter attitudinal essays steele, southwick, & critchlow (1981) – ask participants to write an essay ½ of p's (college students) asked to write essay that. Counter-attitudinal information encountered incidentally, as opposed to self- affirmation have typically taken the form of essay writing or self-reflection, work online, where incidental exposure to counter-attitudinal political.
Affiliation conditions response to writing a counterattitudinal essay: only republican respondents demonstrate heightened dissonance, selective exposure, and. Having freely chosen to write a counterattitudinal essay, for instance), this dissonance arousal becomes dissonance motivation–the.